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Poles and ZeroesThe zero is simply
The poles can be fully evaluated as done here to get the following values:
We can further simplify the pole expressions to more intuitive ones for design. If we substitute the following:
we can write (1) as:
We can solve for s as:
Now to simplify further we need to see the relative magnitudes to decide what terms can be neglected. Comparing A and B we can clearly see that if the circuit time constants are lower than even a milli second A ≪ B. That is because A is a product of 2 time constants while B is a time constant. Usually the network is designed to have 1 time constant much smaller than the other. So consider the case when one time constant is 100 times larger than the other. For example
$R_cC_c ≫ R_oC_o$. This means that the magnitude of
$A/B^2$= 100/10000 or
$B^2$is still 25 times larger than 4A.
So from this point on the assumption and approximation that we take is:
One time constant in the circuit is more dominant than the other one.
So now we can approximate the poles now as:
So substituting the values of A and B in we get the final poles of the circuit as:
- Compensation Techniques
- The book Frequency Compensation Techniques for Low-Power Operational Amplifiers (The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science) has good chapter on compensation analysis of multi stage opamps.
- The book Op Amps for Everyone, Fourth Edition has a good chapter on different networks for compensating opamps